Republic of Colombia | Interesting Colombia Facts
Colombia Facts: Republic of Colombia is also called as Colombia and Columbia. The Republic of Colombia is the fourth-largest country of South America which is along with both Pacific and Caribbean coastlines. Its landscape is tagged by the Andes Mountains, many huge coffee plantations and rain forests. The city Bogota is the capital of Colombia, which is situated in the centre of the country.
In South America, Colombia is the only country which has a coastline on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
Colombia does not have seasons; because it is near the equator, it has sunlight throughout the year.
You can see fruit and juices venders all over Colombia, especially on the Caribbean coast.
According to the World’s Happiest Index, Colombia is considered the happiest country in the world.
Experts believe that 3000 out of the 14000 spices of butterflies are found in Colombia.
Colombia produces 60% of the world’s most expensive Emeralds.
Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar could make $20 billion annually, 5% of the cash ($1 billion) would be eaten by rats.
Colombian women will often substitute the gesture of holding forearms for a handshake.
Oldest surviving city in Latin America – Santa Marta. Founded by the Spanish conquistadors in 1525
Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world.
75% of the flowers in the U.S. come from Colombia
The local government prohibits the sale or public consumption of alcohol during elections and some sporting events.
Introduction of Country | Colombia Culture & History Facts
“Columbia” name is taken from the second word of Christopher Columbus. This name was accepted in 1819 by the Republic of Columbia that was created from the Old Victorian territories of Grand Dada (in the modern age Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Northwest Brazil, and Panama). When Cundinamarca, Venezuela and Ecuador became independent states, then the pioneer department of Cundinamarca accepted the new name as “Republic of New Granada”. In 1858, the New Granada officially turned its name as Granadine Confederation. In 1863, the name “Republic of New Granada” was again altered into “United States of Colombia”. In 1886, the United States of Colombia name was again altered into the Republic of Columbia.
National Flag | Colombia Facts
The national flag of Columbia contains the tricolour of horizontal stripes; the upper stripe contains yellow colour and wide double than the other two stripes. The second stripe contains blue, and the third stripe contains red colour. This Columbian flag was accepted on 26th November 1861.
National Language | Colombia Facts
Spanish language is the official language of Colombia and is spoken by all of the citizens except some Amerindian tribes. Generally, the Spanish language is written and spoken by the literate Colombians. In Latin America, Colombians is pondered the nearest to the Castilian. Castilian is a standard form of the Spanish language, mostly spoken in Castile.
Religions | Colombia Facts
The Roman Catholic Christian was the official religion of the country. Colombia government announced that there is no official religion of the country, but it does not mean that country is agnostic or atheist nor nostalgic to the sentiments of religion. Few people have explained that as the meaning that the Church of Roman Catholic retains their preferential capacity. However, the constitutional court verdict of 1994 declared that any governmental references are unconstitutional for the country’s religious characterization.
Ethnic Group | Colombia Facts
There is a strong generic tension between Amerindian and Spaniard in Colombia, in which Spaniards are near about 57% of the entire population. An estimated 21% of the residents are of pure white lineage; 14% residents are black-white (mulatto); 4% residents are pure black; 3% residents are black-Amerindian (Zambo); and 1% residents are pure Amerindian. Pure black and Mulattoes are gathered in the riparian zones and tropics. Amerindian people are rapidly being lost; the remaining some exist mainly in impervious and barren zones. Chibcha was the prime Amerindian culture of the Republic of Colombia during the pre-Columbian duration. Today, those descendants are mainly gathered in the divisions of Santander, Boyacá, Norte De Santander and Cundinamarca. Motilones are one of some Amerindian groups, who are hidden and untouched from the civilization in South America, they are located between the border of Venezuela and the west of Lake Maracaibo; these tribes are famed for their deadly tools, arrows and black palm bows. Small, diverse Amerindian groups reside in the western and the south coastal forests, and plain zones of Colombia.
Location and Area | Colombia Facts
Colombia has the entire area of 1,138,910 sq km. That is expanded 1210 km in NNE-SSW and 1,700 km in NNW-SSE. Comparatively, the whole region captured by Republic of Colombia is less than 3 times the size of the Montana territory. Its overall length of boundaries is 6004 km and the coastlines are extended 3208 km. long. Border of Colombia starts from Panama on north-west, from Pacific Ocean on west, from Ecuador and Peru on west-south, from Brazil on south-east, from Venezuela on east-north and from Caribbean ocean on north. The main land of Colombian founded within the tropics zone.
Atmosphere | Colombia Facts
The protection of wildlife, forests and soil erosion is the main environmental problem in Colombia. The cause of soil erosion is caused by the heavy rainfall and loss of vegetation, and excessive use of pesticides has also damaged the soil. Due to deforestation, mercantile exploitation of the forests of the country has occurred, which is about 47.9% of the country. Air pollution is also a problem with vehicle emissions, especially in the capital Bogotá. Safe water for drinking purpose is available for 98% urban residents and 69% of rural residents.
Fauna and Flora | Colombia Facts
More than 48,000 kinds of plants and trees have been found in Colombia, but it is estimated that when the area is deeply examined then the numbers of species may be greater. The coldest and highest scale of mountains meadows is called Paramos. The ground of mountains supports minor herbal plants, grasses, intensive group of shrubs. You can see various kinds of vegetables, corns, European-introduced cereals, trees, small shrubs along with grassland of indigenous grasses in the Intermountain basins
In the temperate territories grain crops, vegetables, Spanish cedars, laurel family trees, mosses, ferns, luxurious and wide forests are supported. We can divide the tropical zone into four major clusters, according to the quantity of rain, dry plants supported area such as desert, deciduous forests, grasslands and rain forests. The different species of Palm trees are most prevalent in the tropics and there are various edible vegetables and fruits.
Animal life is available in large quantities, particularly in the tropics zone. There are a lot of carnivorous species available such as puma, which have mustelids, raccoons, and many types of small cats. Indigenous herbs contain tapir, deer, peccary, and huge tropics rodents. Opossums, anteaters, sloths, and many kinds of monkeys are available here as well as more than 1,665 species and their subspecies of South America and other emigrant birds. There are more than 709 species of birds, 362 species of mammals, and over 52,100 species of trees and plants everywhere in the country.
Holidays | Colombia Facts
1 January: New Year’s Day, 6 January: Epiphany, 19 March: St. Joseph’s Day, 1 May: Labour Day, 29 June: Day of St. Peter and St. Paul, 20 July: Independence Day, 7 August: Battle of Boyaca, 15 August: Assumption, 12 October: Columbus Day, 1 November: All Saints’ Day, 11 November: Independence of Cartagena, 8 December: Immaculate Conception, 25 December: Christmas. There are some floating religious holidays include Good Friday, Sacred Heart, Ascension, Corpus Christi. Holy Thursday, Holy Saturday, with 6 commemorative days.